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Using True-False Questions

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Using True/False Questions
There are many reasons why True/False quizzes can be very advantageous. A true-false question is a statement that is either correct or incorrect. Other varieties of true/false items require judgments of yes/no or correct/incorrect. True/false questions are best used when a learner’s judgment about a fact, concept, example, principle, or other content-based item is important for the learning goal. Matters of opinion or interpretation are not good subjects for true/false items.

Advantages of True/False Questions

-Used to measure ability to identify whether statements of facts, principles, generalizations, relationships, or evaluative statements are correct
-Can be factual or can be a thought question that requires reasoning
-Can be used in most disciplines
-Used to quickly poll a class as an introduction to a discussion or determine knowledge of topic
-Time-efficient administration and scoring because they are easy to write, easy to score, and scoring is objective
-Can be written so that they test a wide range of higher-order thinking skills
-Can cover lots of content areas on a single exam and still be answered in a class period 
-Can be constructed out of a few words, which makes them less dependent on the learner’s ability to read carefully
-Can be completed fairly quickly. On average, a learner can answer 2-3 true/false questions per minute

Disadvantages of True/False Questions

-Takes time to create questions
-There’s a 50% chance of users getting the question correct
-Hard to determine who knows the material and who doesn’t because items can encourage guessing

Tips for Creating Effective Items

-Make sure the alignment between item and learning outcome is strong
-Try using in combination with other material, such as graphs, maps, written material. This combination allows for the testing of more advanced learning outcomes
-Focus on only one important idea or on one relationship between ideas per item 
-Make each item definitely true or definitely false
-Add more ‘false’ questions than ‘true’. Users tend to choose ‘true’ more than they do ‘false’
-Be clear with your wording and use declarative sentences.
-Keep both true and false statements the same length
-Care must be taken as to not make the questions too simplistic
-Generally avoid the use of words which would signal the correct response to the test-wise student. Absolutes such as ‘none’, ‘never’, ‘always’, ‘all’, ‘impossible’ tend to be false, while qualifiers such as ‘usually’, ‘generally’, ‘sometimes’, ‘often’ are likely to be true

You know you’re a “ScriptoPro Guru” if you can…..

-Customize ‘true’ and ‘false’ answers (eg, ‘Yes’ and ‘No’, ‘I Agree’ and ‘I Disagree’)-Add custom feedback for both correct/incorrect answers-Customize quiz settings in terms of trials, timing, randomization, and feedback display
-Use the item analysis data and tools to assess outcomes and effectiveness of items

By following these best practices, you can improve your True/False assessments and make them more effective. 

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