Taking the time to reflect about one’s own teaching is one of the most effective ways to make positive changes in the classroom. Reflection is deliberate and structured thinking about choices. It is an integral step to improving practice. Through reflection, teachers and trainers can look clearly at their successes and struggles and consider options for change that greatly impact student learning. Self-reflection can allow one to:
- Develop a rationale for practice.
- Assess student learning and understanding of concepts.
- Identify strengths and weaknesses in a lesson plan.
- Identify the degree to which instructional goals and objectives were met.
- Assess how effectively one is performing.
- Obtain information about class participation and student responses.
- Assess pacing of the class and amount of student engagement.
- Observe on-task behavior of students.
- Identify one’s own delivery and presentation strengths, and areas for improvement.
- Take informed actions about what is being done in the classroom and why it is being done.
Developing a habit of self-reflecting will lead to a natural process of evaluation. Self-reflection is not about focusing solely on the negative; it also enables you to think about what one does well. Self-reflection provides a structured method for also considering what is positive about one’s teaching.